Damage to crops caused by cold weather and freezing temperatures can be extremely detrimental to crop yields as well as the vegetation, land and possible profits, both now and in the future.
Despite this, there are many different ways farmers can protect their crops during inclement weather. In understanding these different forms of protection, farmers can evaluate those that work best for their specific crops and land, as well as other factors such as overall costs and necessary manpower to make it happen.
Thinking of Texas, the first thing many are probably last to think of is the potential for freezes and frosts. Although other events may happen more frequently, such as flash flooding or high temperatures, preparation is key for all possible weather conditions.
There are two approaches to take when it comes to freeze protection
The first is active, which happens when a present danger of frost is occurring and steps are taken to remedy the situation such as adding heat lamps or covering crops.
The second is passive, which is when farmers and ranch managers take the time before the frost occurs to prepare, such as by proper scheduling of actual planting and preparing the land.
How a frost actually affects crops depends on a range of factors including type of plants, variety, growth patterns, soil conditions and the intensity of the freeze.
To protect your crops from a hard freeze this season keep the following three tips in mind:
- Planting location: The area that is chosen for planting should be sustainable and healthy for years to come. Selecting an area that is lower to the ground, in comparison to nearby areas, can act as a cover for untimely or unexpected weather.
- Crop management: Choose fruits and vegetables that will be viable during the most common weather situations of your location.
- Covering: If a potential frost is headed your way, take some time to cover the crops with tar or bags to reduce heat loss.
Visit our website to learn more on crop protection and management.